1: Denial-of-Service Attacks
Denial-of-service attacks, otherwise known as DoS attacks, have become one of the most common ways for hackers to take down websites. It involves a person flooding a target server with millions of requests at the same time, overwhelming the site and causing it to go offline. These types of attack aren’t exclusive to the internet however, as people were taking revenge on companies by sending them thousands of fax messages filled with just black ink on the page. This forced the machines to run out of ink, overheat and even break, blocking all other communications from coming in to the company.